Revista Brasileira de Agropecuária Sustentável https://periodicos.ufv.br/rbas <p><strong>AGRADECIMENTO </strong></p> <p>A presente Revista Brasileira de Agropecuária Sustentável (RBAS) <strong>agradece o apoio financeiro</strong> do Edital - Publicação de Periódicos - Valor R$ 20.160,00 (Vinte mil e cento e sessenta reais), da Fundação de Amparo à Pesquisa do Estado de Minas Gerais (FAPEMIG) - FAPEMIG APL-00318-17, agência de fomento ao desenvolvimento científico e tecnológico de Minas Gerais. É uma fundação do Governo Estadual, vinculada à Secretaria de Estado de Ciência, Tecnologia e Ensino Superior.</p> <p><strong>SOBRE</strong></p> <p>Os trabalhos podem ser submetidos para publicação nas áreas de Agricultura Familiar, Agroecologia, Educação do Campo, Ciência, Tecnologia e Inovação, Cooperativismo e Associativismo, Economia, Economia Solidária, Entomologia, Extensão Rural, Fitopatologia, Forragicultura, Meio Ambiente, Mudanças Climáticas, Políticas Públicas, Produção Animal, Produção Vegetal, Segurança Alimentar, Ruralidade, Solos e Urbanização, com ênfase na sustentabilidade atual e futura.</p> <p>Os trabalhos podem ser submetidos em língua portuguesa, inglesa e espanhola. Este periódico não faz qualquer restrição à titulação acadêmica mínima para submissão de trabalhos e a avaliação é por dois ou três revisores <em>ad hoc</em> e pelo Corpo editorial. O conteúdo dos artigos publicados é de exclusiva responsabilidade de seus autores e os direitos de publicação são da RBAS, sendo o conteúdo disponibilizado com acesso livre na Internet (www.rbas.ufv.br).</p> <p>Os conceitos, afirmações e pontos de vista apresentados nos artigos são de inteira responsabilidade de seus/suas autores/as e não refletem, necessariamente, a opinião da Revista, de seu Conselho Editorial ou da Universidade Federal de Viçosa.</p> Universidade Federal de Viçosa pt-BR Revista Brasileira de Agropecuária Sustentável 2317-5818 <h4>1. Proposta de Política para Periódicos de Acesso Livre</h4> <p>Autores que publicam nesta revista concordam com os seguintes termos:</p> <p>Autores mantém os direitos autorais e concedem à revista o direito de primeira publicação, com o trabalho simultaneamente licenciado sob a <a href="http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/" target="_new">Licença Creative Commons Attribution</a> que permite o compartilhamento do trabalho com reconhecimento da autoria e publicação inicial nesta revista.</p> PHYSICOCHEMICAL AND SENSORY CHARACTERISTICS OF ROSÉ SPARKLING WINE PRODUCED WITH MERLOT GRAPES IN “CAMPANHA GAÚCHA” https://periodicos.ufv.br/rbas/article/view/13018 <p>This work evaluated the potential of the Merlot grape produced in Campanha Gaúcha region for the production of sparkling wines. The base wines were made through direct pressing (T1) and cold pre-fermentative maceration (CPM) with 6 (T2), 24 (T3) and 48 (T4) hours of duration. Afterwards, the second fermentation of treatments was conducted by the Champenoise method. The results obtained in the physicochemical analysis demonstrate the potential of elaborating sparkling wines with higher alcohol content from this cultivar in the region. In the sensory analysis, all sparkling wines received excellent scores for overall quality and the best results, in general, were observed in the sparkling wine made with 24 hours of CPM (T3). From the results obtained, we can suggest the Merlot grape as an alternative for the production of sparkling wines in the region, requiring more in-depth studies on maturation time and typology of the<br />product to be prepared.</p> Luiz Carlos Pereira da Silva Ivan Ricardo Carvalho Alice Farias Maia Nádia Cristiane Alves Vianna Bruno Jacobs Daniel Pazzini Eckhardt Hyoran Caius Genindo Barreto Martins Wellynthon Machado da Cunha Gabriela Beber Alves Suziane Antes Jacobs Copyright (c) 2022 Revista Brasileira de Agropecuária Sustentável http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 2022-04-30 2022-04-30 12 1 1 9 10.21206/rbas.v12i1.13018 DRY MATTER AND PROTEIN ACCUMULATION AS A FUNCTION OF NITROGEN FERTILIZATION IN Brachiaria brizantha CV. MARANDU (Urochloa brizantha) https://periodicos.ufv.br/rbas/article/view/13125 <p>In Brazil, forage is the main source of nutrients for ruminants, but most production systems are extensive and low amounts of inputs are used to improve soil fertility. This study aimed to evaluate the effect of nitrogen doses on dry matter yield and protein content in leaves, stems and shoots of Brachiaria brizantha cv. Marandu. The soil was fertilized with dolomitic limestone and gypsum to raise base saturation to 60% in the 0-20 cm layer and decrease exchangeable aluminum in the subsurface layer. The experimental<br />design was the randomized blocks with four replications, and the plots were five meters long by five meters wide. Nitrogen fertilization doses were 0 (control), 50, 100, 150, 200 and 250 kg of N ha-1, and applied on the soil surface at the beginning of the regrowth period. Phosphate and potassium fertilization of 50 kg P ha-1 and 150 kg K ha-1 were also carried out. Plants were cut thirty-seven days after fertilization. The evaluations were carried out in the central 9.0 m2 of the plot. A positive effect of nitrogen fertilization was found on all the variables assessed in the study. The effect was linear for fresh matter and dry matter accumulation in leaves + stems of Brachiaria brizantha cv. Marandu. The accumulation of dry matter in leaves + stems was 4.46 t ha-1 in the control treatment, increasing to 6.03 t ha-1 at the highest nitrogen dose. Nitrogen fertilization positively influenced the percentage accumulation of dry matter in leaves of Brachiaria brizantha cv. Marandu, achieving the equation Y= 25.529 + 0.0372x. Consequently, there was a percentage reduction in the dry matter allocated in stems. At the highest nitrogen dose, the percentage increase of dry matter in leaves was 17%. The<br />effect of nitrogen fertilization on protein content in leaves, stems and leaves + stems was also found. At the highest nitrogen dose (250 kg of N ha-1), there was an increase in protein per kg of dry matter of 86.78 g, as content in the control treatment was 67.5 g kg-1, increasing to 154.3 g kg-1. In addition to increasing the yield due to dry matter accumulation in the plant and improving the bromatological quality, nitrogen fertilization also increased protein production. We should also note that there was an increase in yield and protein production per hectare with the highest dose of nitrogen fertilization.</p> Mauro Wagner Oliveira Augusto Lopes Goretti Rogério de Paula Lana Thiago Camacho Rodrigues Copyright (c) 2022 Revista Brasileira de Agropecuária Sustentável http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 2022-04-30 2022-04-30 12 1 10 18 10.21206/rbas.v12i1.13125 RE-ENSILING AND MICROBIAL INOCULANT USE EFFECTS ON THE QUALITY OF MAIZE SILAGES EXPOSED TO AIR https://periodicos.ufv.br/rbas/article/view/13683 <p>Re-ensiling has increased worldwide due to the increase in marketing of silage between farms. However, litlle is known about the aerobic deterioration and microbial inoculants effect in this process. The aim of this study was to determine the re-ensiling and microbial inoculant use effects on the maize silage quality. Experimental treatments included maize silage exposed to air for zero or 18 h, with or without microbial inoculant use containing a mixture of Lactobacillus plantarum and Propionibacterium acidipropionici. The forage was ensiled in 20 plastic buckets (20 liters capacity) with five repetitions per treatment. The silos were opened after 116 days and the chemical composition, in vitro dry matter digestibility (IVDMD), fermentative parameters, microorganism counts, total dry matter (DM) losses and aerobic stability of silage were evaluated. Re-ensiling reduced the non-fibrous carbohydrates content by 13.0%. The IVDMD was reduced by 6.1% in re-ensiled silages. In addition, re-ensiling increased the losses due to gases, effluents, and total DM. Lower lactic acid content and higher acetic acid content in re-ensiled maize silages were also observed. However, IVDMD increased by 4.96% in inoculated silages. Re-ensiling reduces the nutritive value and IVDMD of maize silages and should be avoided in production systems. The microbial inoculant use is not effective in improving the re-ensiled silage quality, which does not justify its use in these conditions. Farms should avoid purchasing maize silage due to reduction in nutritional value in the re-ensiling process.<br />However, in some cases where farms need to purchase silage for feeding planning, the time between silo opening and re-ensiling should be as short as possible to reduce nutrient loss. Furthermore, in this situation the inoculant use does not improve silage conservation, which makes its use unnecessary.</p> Paulo Henrique Arruda de Medeiros Alan Figueiredo de Oliveira Eduardo Moura de Lima Lúcio Carlos Gonçalves José Avelino dos Santos Rodrigues Kelly Moura Keller Joana Ribeiro da Glória Ana Luiza da Costa Cruz Borges Ângela Maria Quintão Lana Diogo Gonzaga Jayme Copyright (c) 2022 Revista Brasileira de Agropecuária Sustentável http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 2022-04-30 2022-04-30 12 1 19 28 10.21206/rbas.v12i1.13683