Propensity to Corrupt Decisions of Pre-Candidates to the 2020 Brazilian Municipal Elections




- Objective: to analyze the propensity for corrupt decision-making by pre-candidates for mayor and councilor, analyzing the 2020 Brazilian municipal elections.

- Theoretical framework: the study is theoretically based on the behavioral aspect of corruption, as deviant behavior, as well as intrinsic and extrinsic motivations to corruption, which are subdivided into: propensity to unethical decision-making, individual self-control, moral identity, guilt, and disengagement moral.

- Methodology: A quantitative, exploratory, and descriptive study was conducted. In the operationalization, a cross-sectional survey was used, with the data collected through a structured questionnaire applied to a valid sample of 115 pre-candidates for the 2020 municipal elections. The data analysis used univariate and bivariate statistical techniques.

- Results: (1) a sample have low propensity for unethical decision-making, high individual self-control, high moral identity, low guilt, and low propensity for moral disengagement; (2) there is a significant and positive association between the variables of individual self-control with guilt, moral disengagement; and moral identity is shown to be positively associated with moral disengagement, and moral disengagement positively with the variable of having a previous elective position or not.

- Originality: The main contribution of the research is the analysis of the theme on municipal legislators and executors, in the version of pre-candidates.

- Theoretical and practical contributions: (1) low representation of women even as pre-candidates; (2) the sample considers the ‘other’ pre-willing politicians to make unethical decision-making, but not themselves; (3) sample with a high capacity for self-control, especially the part of the sample that did not have a previous elective position; (4) women have a higher degree of guilt than men, that is, they are less disposed to unethical decisions or corruption; (5) it can be said that the sample has a low propensity to deviant behaviors, that is, corruption.



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Biografia do Autor

Dra. Ivanete Schneider Hahn, Universidade Alto Vale do Rio do Peixe (Uniarp)

Doutora em Administração (UFSM/RS) / Professora da Universidade Alto Vale do Rio do Peixe (UNIARP/Brasil)

Sra. Eliane Schleder Cezar Bonatti, Universidade Alto Vale do Rio do Peixe (Uniarp)

Graduada em Administração e Mestranda em Desenvolvimento e Sociedade (Uniarp/Brasil)

Dr. Anderson Antônio Mattos Martins, Universidade Alto Vale do Rio do Peixe (Uniarp)

Doutor em Engenharia de Produção (UFSC/Brasil) e Professor da Universidade Alto Vale do Rio do Peixe (Uniarp)




Como Citar

Hahn, I. S., Cezar Bonatti, E. S. ., & Martins, A. A. M. (2022). Propensity to Corrupt Decisions of Pre-Candidates to the 2020 Brazilian Municipal Elections. Administração Pública E Gestão Social, 14(1).