Synthesis, characterization and antimicrobial effect of Cu(ii) and Zn(ii) compounds derived from 1,2,4-triazoles




Cu(II), Zn(II), Antimicrobial effect, 1 2 4-triazole compounds, Transition metals


Compounds of Cu(II) and Zn(II) with 3-R-1H-1,2,4-triazole-5-amine {R = methyl (mta), phenyl (pta)} were prepared and characterized by infrared spectroscopy (IR), multinuclear NMR (1H, 13C), electronic spectroscopy (UV-VIS), thermogravimetric analysis (TGA), differential scanning calorimetry (DSC), microanalyses and melting point. Dimeric, monomeric, and polymeric materials were synthesized in this work. The Zn(II)-1,2,4-triazole derivatives have the metal ion at the center of two geometric arrangements, being a tetrahedron for the complex-7 and 9, and an octahedron for the complex-8. The only polymeric material, complex-7, was characterized by the DSC analytical data. The Decomposition reaction of complex-8 in chloroform produced the complex-9, a aminoguanidine derivative, and the Zn(II)-benzoate compound. The IR and UV-VIS of Cu(II)-mta derivatives revealed two possible geometric patterns for the metallic ion; a distorted bipyramidal trigonal geometry for compounds 10 and 11 in solution, and in the solid state, the same geometry for complex-10, but for complex-11, the IR data suggest a distorted octahedral geometry. The biological assay of the 1,2,4-triazole compounds and their metal derivatives against Gram-positive and Gram-negative bacteria shown the compounds of Zn(II) as the only active materials with values of MIC within the range of 133.5 µM (83.3 µg / mL) to 360.7 µM (166.6 µg / mL).


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How to Cite

Almeida, P. S. V. B. de, Maia, J. R. da S., Falqueto, M. C., & Oliveira, L. L. de. (2022). Synthesis, characterization and antimicrobial effect of Cu(ii) and Zn(ii) compounds derived from 1,2,4-triazoles. The Journal of Engineering and Exact Sciences, 8(1), 13427–01.



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