Hybrid Models for Daily Global Solar Radiation Assessment
Palavras-chave:Solar radiation, renewable energy, features selection, Forecasting, Artificial Neural Networks.
Daily solar radiation forecasting has recently become critical in developing solar energy and its integration into grid systems. Despite the huge number of proposed forecasting techniques, an accurate estimation remains a significant challenge because of the non-stationary variation of solar radiation components due to the continuously changing climatic conditions. Usually, several input data predictors are used for the forecasting process, which can cause redundancy and correlation between data features. This work assesses a set of feature selection techniques to check their ability to select the relevant predictors and reduce redundant and irrelevant information. An Artificial Neural Network is used to fit the measured solar radiation based on the selected features. The developed model is evaluated through various objective evaluation metrics using historical data of three years measured at the Ghardaiaregion inAlgeria. Results show the effectiveness of the proposed method, where values of 0,0189, 0.0286, 5.4387, and 98.28% have been found as MABE, RMSE, nRMSE and r, respectively.
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